The Saab JAS 39 Gripen.
Made by: Swedish aerospace company Saab
The Saab Gripen ("Griffin" or "Catching Bird" in English), is a lightweight
single-engine multirole fighter. It was designed to replace the Saab 35 Draken and 37 Viggen in the Swedish Air Force.
It is powered by the Volvo-Flygmotor RM12 engine, a derivative of the General Electric F404, and has a top speed of Mach 2.
The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration fly-by-wire technology.
Canards are smaller (mostly delta) wings placed in front of the major wings of the aircraf. They make sure the plane stays maneuverable even at speeds higher than the speed of sound ( > Mach 1). The Eurofighter Typhoon and the French Dassault Mirage also have a delta wing and canard configuration.
Other great advantage of the Gripen's canards : Since it needs only 650 meters to land and due to it's relatively small size compared to other jets, the JAS-39 is able to land on "normal roads".
This makes it very hard to find for an eventual enemy when it's not airborne since it virtually doesn’t need an Airbase or Airfield.
During the design process, great priority was placed on facilitating and minimising aircraft maintenance in addition to a maintenance-friendly layout, many subsystems and components require little or no maintenance at all.
Saab AB/Saab Group
South African Air Force
Czech Air Force
Hungarian Air Force
Swedish Air Force
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